This site is dedicated mainly to the study of the later coinage of Byzantium, particularly the issues of the Crusader and Palaeologan eras. It is primarily aimed
at general collectors, with a view to expanding their understanding of the subject by providing them with important information to which they may not have had access, and with ideas which have not been previously
broached in the literature, either popular or academic*.
The site includes extended articles on general topics, short notes on specific topics and reports on individual coin types. Basic data and information used to support the articles and notes is
included in a separate data section.
The foundation article is a comprehensive study of the Thessalonican trachea of Andronicus III Palaeologus, designed to correctly date and assign these various types. Also included are my own ideas on
the sequencing of the Thessalonican trachea of Andronicus II and Andronicus III Paleologus.
Other articles include a summary of current thinking on the Bulgarian and Latin "Imitative" types, and a critique of Hendy's theories on the coins of John Comnenus Ducas, and of Bendall's attributions
of various rare types to Andronicus I Gidon. This last article has now (Oct. 2013) been significantly revised.
The Notes section includes a critique of Bendall's 2000 hoard of mainly Andronicus II types, a note on the supposed "starred" version of S.2486, a detailed listing of the "Post-Hendy" Latin types, and
some reassignments of various controversial types. In Jan. 2012 a note on the place of the rare and interesting "Papal-byzantine" types in the history of the silver issues of the late Roman/early Byzantine empire
The Data section includes details of various unreported finds of Palaeologan coins, plus a listing of all overstrikes and mules involving Andronicus II and Andronicus III types known to me, including
quite a number of new examples from the recent finds. Some unlisted Paleologan types are also detailed and illustrated. An interesting silvered trachy of Theodore Mangaphas is included (April '08).
I have also included a technical note on the estimation of die numbers - this could be useful to those interested the various later hyperpyra, to take just one example.
Other notes and studies of various aspects of the coinage will be added from time to time.
Readers are welcome to comment through the email link below.
* The need for such a site has become increasingly apparent because new discoveries and theoretical advances made since the publication of Volumes 4 and 5 of the Dumbarton Oaks Catalog in the
later 1990's has meant that these publications are now clearly out of date in some areas.
December 2004 - Nov. 2021.
N.B: Given the peculiarities of the various browsers, viewers may need to adjust the displayed text size for comfortable viewing. But note that with Windows 10
scaling up the display may produce fuzzy images, in which case the images may need to be saved off for clearer viewing.
8 Feb. '16: New Christ Chalkites type Sommer 70.4 noted ("Andronicus I Gidon").
7 Jan. '19: The "Hyperpyra of John V and John VI" updated.
28 Dec. '19: Discussion of Bendall 3 (Michael II) revised.
06 June '20: Discussion of "imitative" tetartera revised (Bulgarian & Latin Imitatives).
4 Oct. '21: Discussion of New Types 1-3 in "The Arta 1983 Hoard" revised.
20 Nov. '22: Note on weights of 12th C. trachea & tetartera added.
16 Dec. '22: Series II version of S.2216 noted (Coins of John Comnenus-Ducas).
15 Dec. '23: Jordanov Latin Type IV example noted (Post Hendy Latin Types).
Contact me by email at: email@example.com